Environmental Problems Related with Industries
Environmental Problems Related with Industries are growing rapidly. We live in a world of accelerating environmental change. Due to increasing population & rapid industrialization, higher percentages of waste products are added & ecological balance has been disturbed. This has resulted in environment problems & degradation.
According to Mitra “Environmental degradation is a change of environment due to a number of factors such as population explosion, pollution of air and water, exploitation of natural resources and other physical, chemical and biological factors.” Thus environmental degradation / problems mean unfavorable changes in the components of environment as a result of human activities. For years, man has been exploiting the available natural resources for his development. It has led to over exploitation, and the nature is losing its balance.
The following image explain about Environmental Problems Related with Industries
Image credits © Manoj Patil.
Ten Major Environmental Problems Related with Industries are follows:
- Rapid Growing Population
- Changing Lifestyle
- Technological Development
- Materialism and Consumerism
- Growing Tourism
- Acid Rain
- Climatic Changes
- Problem of Waste Disposal
- Problems for Human Health
Now let's discuss above Environmental Problems Related with Industries.
1. Rapid Growing Population
Population is going on increasing. With increasing population demand for various natural resources is also increasing. Due to increasing demand, there is over exploitation of natural resources, and it has resulted into environment degradation. For e.g., Forests are cleared; wild life is disturbed; land is over irrigated, etc.
2. Changing Lifestyle
Due to fast changing lifestyle people find convenient to use disposable goods like thermocol plates, glasses, plastic bottles, paper cups, plates, etc. All items these are non-degradable. They create waste. On another hand in developed countries, standard of living is high so people constantly go on purchasing new products without thinking about he need or urgency of purchasing. Due to purchase of brand new products old becomes waste.
3. Technological Development
Science and technology have brought leisure and pleasure in human life. At the same time, man has been disturbing the balance of nature. Transport facilities are easy and convenient, but they result into air pollution. Textile industries provide cloth but they also degrade the environment by releasing smoke in the air. Thus with rapid industrialization and transportation there are problems of water, air, noise and soil pollution.
4. Materialism and Consumerism
Modern man lives a different life. He cannot work without the help of air conditioned machines, vacuum cleaners, mixers, TV, DVD, refrigerators, heaters, etc. Due to increasing tendency of consumption of luxurious goods, there is wasteful consumption of natural resources. People go on consuming even more than they actually need. The consumption patterns are increasing inequalities in different societies.
There are many factors or activities, which affect environment indirectly. Though they are not directly connected with environment, there is a total effect of all these activities or factors resulting in deterioration of environment. Due to thinning of the ozone layer, there is the effect of ultraviolet radiation on the surface of Earth. It affects the human body and results into many infectious diseases.
6. Growing Tourism
Tourism is increasing day by day. It creates a burden on fuel and degradation of natural and social environment of tourist place. Advanced countries travel more as they have working of five days a week. Due to stress, tension of work, they travel even thousands of kms on weekends for relaxation. This results in excessive use of fuel, which results in pollution and depletion of natural resources.
7. Acid Rain
When fossil fuels like coal, oil, natural gases are burnt, chemicals like sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxides produced, these chemicals react with atmospheric moisture to form sulphuric acid & nitric acid. These acids are carried up in atmosphere & finally come back in the form of Acid Rain. It is very harmful to environment.
8. Climatic Changes
Due to increasing use of modern appliances like (TV, AC, Fridge, etc.) there is more release of greenhouse gases. The increase in greenhouse gases is resulting in change in climate. Global warming is increasing. Natural disasters like floods, droughts, cyclones, are becoming common day by day.
9. Problem of Waste Disposal Changes
As urbanization is increasing, the lifestyle of the people is also changing, as a result of which waste has emerged as a major environmental issue. Most of the solid waste is noon-degradable. Plastic packets, canes, syringe, needles, tetra packs, e-waste (waste of electronic goods) etc. The use and throw goods create a lot of waste in urban areas.
10. Problems for Human Health
Environment problems also affect human health. It affects respiratory system leading to many problems some of them are headache, fatigue, drowsiness, coma & respiratory failure & ultimately death. Toxic metals also have dangerous effects like anemia, dysfunctioning of brain, kidney damage, etc. Thus from above problems, we can say that “Progress is a double-edged sword. It brings prosperity along with environmental & ecological hassles too.”