Define Tourism? Type Feature of Tourism

Concept of Tourism

Tourism since the olden days, there is the spirit of travel has been observed. Many people started traveling for trade and commerce. The concept of travel was introduced by Romans. It developed in 18th century in England with the emergence of industries; people felt the need of tourism for rest and relaxation. With the Development of transport travel to remote places have become reality. It has become the biggest industry in the world.

Definition of Tourism

According to H. V. Schullnd, an American Economist, Tourism is defined below:

“Tourism is the sum total of the operation, mainly of an economic nature, which directly relates to the entry, stay and movement of foreigners inside and outside a certain country or region”.

According to a Swiss professional Hunziker, Tourism is defined below:

“Tourism is totality of relationship and phenomenon arising from travel and stay of strangers, provided the stay is not simply the establishment of a permanent residence and is not connected with a remunerated activity”.

Type of Tourism

Type of Tourism

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The United Nations in 1997 classified tourism in three categories:

1. Domestic Tourism

Domestic tourism consists of residents visiting within their own country. No formalities are required in this kind of travel.

2. Inbound Tourism

Inbound Tourism consists of non-residents traveling to country other choices. For e.g. Britisher coming to India.

3. Outbound Tourism:

Outbound tourism consists of residents of a nation traveling out to another foreign country. For e.g. :Indians going to Australia.

Features that would Benefit Responsible for Tourism

Feature of Tourism

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Features of Tourism Industry are as Follows:

  1. Tourism is a temporary phenomenon.
  2. Tourist is a stranger to tourist place.
  3. It is movement of a person inside or outside any country.
  4. It is a movement outside home environment.
  5. Tourism is an activity selected by the choice of people.
  6. Tourism may be carried out for any reason but not for earning.
  7. There is no time limit. Tourism may be for a day or a stay of one month also.
  8. It is necessarily, a pleasure and recreational activity.

Factor Responsible for the Development of Tourism

Factor Responsible for the Development of Tourism

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Factors Influencing the Growth of Tourism

  1. Pleasing weather
  2. Scenic attraction's
  3. Accessibility
  4. Historical and Cultural attraction's
  5. Accommodation facilities
  6. Relaxation and Recreation
  7. Health - Care purpose
  8. scope for adventure
  9. shopping facilities
  10. visiting friends, meeting new people, etc.

It is said that the care concept of tourism revolves around 4A's: Attractions, Access, Amenities and Ancillary services.

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