What is Inflammation? Definition
INFLAMMATION is a localized reaction of the body to injury. This basic pathological tends to localise or dispose of the injurious agent. All inflammatory conditions are described as "itis". e.g Sinusitis-Inflammation of sinuses, Arthritis - Inflammation of joints, etc. Inflammatory conditions are generally seen in injuries, infections or allergies.
CAUSES OF INFLAMMATION
The various causes of inflammation are given below:
- Physical Agents: e.g. heat, cold, injury or radiation.
- Chemical Agents: e.g. Corrosive, poisons.
- Living Agents: e.g. Microbes, parasites.
- Immune Reaction: e.g. Rheumatoid Arthritis.
TYPICAL FEATURES OF INFLAMMATION
Typical features of inflammation are given below:
- Pain (Dolar)
- Redness (Rubor)
- Swelling (Tumor)
- Heat (Calor)
Mediators are certain substances produced by the body, to take part in various inflammatory reactions. Some mediators are given below:
- Platelet activating factors.